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A consultant shall earn client's respection above meeting table, also keep a
good relatonship after meeting.
1. Who is qualified to be a designer
Q: May architects prepare, stamp, and sign mechanical, electrical, and plumbing drawings?
A: Yes. The Architects Practice Act allows architects to prepare,
stamp, and sign mechanical, electrical, and plumbing drawings since the definition for scope of architectural practice includes
“ … the design, in whole or in part, of buildings … .” (Ref.: BPC §§ 5500.1, 6737)
Q: Board for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors 2535 Capitol Oaks Drive, Suite 300 Sacramento, CA 95833 1-866-780-5370
A: STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS may design any building of any type.
CIVIL ENGINEERS may design any building of any type EXCEPT public schools and hospitals.
ARCHITECTS may design any building of any type EXCEPT the structural portion of a hospital.
UNLICENSED INDIVIDUALS may design only the following types of buildings:
Single-family dwellings of not more than two stories and basement in height.
Multiple dwellings containing not more than four dwelling units of woodframe construction of not more than two stories and basement in height and no more than fourdwelling units per lot.
Garages or other structures appurtenant to the dwellings described above of woodframe construction not more than two stories and basement in height.
NOTE: If any portion of the structures described above does not meet the conventional woodframe requirements described in Title 24 of the California Code of
Regulations or in the building codes of the local jurisdiction, then the building official having jurisdiction shall require the plans, calculations, and
specifications for that portion of the structure to be prepared and signed and sealed by a licensed engineer or a licensed architect.
Agricultural and ranch buildings of wood frame construction, unless the building official having jurisdiction determines that an undue risk to the public health, safety,
welfare is involved.Store fronts,rior alterations or additions, fixtures, cabinetwork, furniture, or other appliances or equipment, including any work necessary to install these items,
or any alterations or additions to any building necessary to install these items, as long as the alterations do not affect the structural safety of the building.
2. Who is qualified to sing off a project
- Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code in the applicable classification to accept responsibility for the
system design, construction or installation of features, materials, components, or manufactured devices for the scope of work
and Professions Code - BPC
Q: Does an architect’s license entitle an architect to build an exempt building without a contractor’s license?
A: No. The construction of buildings is governed by the California Contractors License Law (commencing with BPC section
7000). The law has an exemption that allows a person who is not a licensed contractor to construct a single-family residential
structure provided they meet certain requirements. Questions concerning this exemption should be directed to the Contractors
State License Board.(Ref.: BPC §§ 5500.1 and 7000 et seq.)
Q: Who is qualified as a professional engineer.
Section 6728.1 - Members
Each review committee shall consist of no fewer than three registered
professional engineers appointed by the board. Each member of a committee shall
have the same
qualifications and shall be subject to the same rules and regulations as if he
were a member of the board. . Bus. and Prof'l. Code § 6728.1
Contract & Invoice&Obligations
1.1 Contract Example
Construction lean, also known as Lean Construction or Lean
Project Delivery, is an approach that aims to optimize efficiency and minimize
waste in the construction industry. It draws inspiration from the principles
of lean manufacturing and applies them to construction processes, with the
goal of improving project outcomes, reducing costs, and increasing customer
The core principles of construction lean include:
Value: Focus on delivering value to the customer. Identify what
the customer truly wants and eliminate activities that do not add value.
Elimination of waste: Eliminate waste in all forms, including
overproduction, excess inventory, waiting time, transportation, defects, and
unnecessary motion. By reducing waste, projects become more efficient and
Continuous improvement: Encourage a culture of continuous
improvement and learning. Seek feedback from all stakeholders, analyze
performance metrics, and make incremental changes to improve processes and
Collaboration and communication: Foster collaboration and
effective communication among all project stakeholders, including the owner,
designers, contractors, and subcontractors. This helps to streamline
processes, reduce misunderstandings, and promote a shared understanding of
Pull planning: Use pull planning techniques to coordinate work
activities. This involves involving all stakeholders in the planning process,
breaking down tasks into smaller components, and scheduling work based on
demand and available capacity.
Visual management: Utilize visual tools and displays to provide
real-time information about project progress, key milestones, and potential
bottlenecks. Visual management helps teams stay informed, identify issues
early, and make data-driven decisions.
Standardization: Develop standard processes and best practices to
improve efficiency, reduce errors, and promote consistency across projects.
Standardization simplifies work, enhances productivity, and enables easier
training and knowledge transfer.
Implementing construction lean requires a shift in mindset and a
commitment to change. It involves adopting new practices, investing in
training and development, and embracing a culture of collaboration and
continuous improvement. By applying lean principles, construction projects can
achieve better outcomes, deliver projects on time and within budget, and
enhance overall customer satisfaction.
1.3: Early Termnation
An architecture contract is a legally
binding agreement between an architect and a client that outlines the terms
and conditions of their professional relationship. Early termination of an
architecture contract refers to the situation where one party decides to end
the contract before its agreed-upon completion date.
The specific provisions regarding early termination will be
outlined in the contract itself. These provisions typically include clauses
related to termination rights, termination notice periods, and any associated
penalties or consequences.
When considering early termination, it is important to carefully
review the contract to understand the rights and obligations of both parties.
Here are some key points to consider:
rights: The contract should clearly state the circumstances under which either
party can terminate the agreement. These reasons may include breach of
contract, failure to perform obligations, or mutual agreement.
The contract may specify a notice period that must be given by the terminating
party before the termination takes effect. This period allows the other party
to prepare for the contract's end and potentially resolve any outstanding
fees or penalties: The contract may include provisions for payment of
termination fees or penalties by the party terminating the agreement. These
fees or penalties are typically meant to compensate the non-terminating party
for costs incurred or losses suffered due to early termination.
resolution: In the event of a disagreement regarding early termination, the
contract may include provisions for dispute resolution mechanisms such as
mediation, arbitration, or litigation.
property and deliverables: The contract should address the ownership and
transfer of intellectual property rights and specify any deliverables or
unfinished work that must be returned or completed upon termination.
It is important to consult with legal professionals specializing in
contract law or seek advice from a qualified architect to fully understand the
implications and potential consequences of early termination. Each contract
may have unique provisions, so it is crucial to carefully review the specific
terms of the agreement in question.